We have seen many explanations being proposed from Friday pulpits to streets to Majlis-e- Toubas(gathering for repentance). We have seen sharply divergent views. Victims and those who have been spared may not share explanations. Ibn Arabi, the Shaykh-i-Akbar, provides one of the most profound analysis of the issue of evil. He is the most consistent metaphysician in Islam who has dealt with the issue of evil vis-à-vis God. For him, at the risk of oversimplification, there is:
God is the Totality and nothing is outside Him so all fragmentary views (which human views are characteristically) can’t make sense of Him or His doings. If man knew all the karmic causes he would be immediately outside the samsaric trappings and thus one with the Unborn, the Unconditioned. In fact there is no karma for the jnani, the one who truly knows. Our true self is outside all the karmic determinations; it is uncorrupted by evil. It is beyond all determinations, all binaries including the binary of good and evil. Socrates who is an exemplary philosopher and sage knew he knew nothing and that is why he was the wisest man. The Highest Good isn’t rationally knowable. One has to be it. All quests end in wonder. In the last analysis man knows nothing. From the structure of matter to the constitution of spirit nothing is ultimately known. All human knowledge is progressive unveiling of the ultimate impenetrability of the veil that disguises Reality.